“A bow with great range. For Archers and Snipers.”
—In-game description, Shin Monshō
The Longbow (ロングボウ Longu bou) is a Bow that recurrently appears across the Fire Emblem series. This bow is one that uniquely possesses a range of 2-3 as opposed to the usual 2, at the cost of significantly lowered Might and Accuracy.
In Radiant Dawn, three variants of the Longbow exist: Iron Longbows, Steel Longbows and Silver Longbows. The unique attribute of these bows essentially becomes redundant when a Sniper promotes into a Marksman, a class that permits relevant units to target enemies up to a maximum range of three spaces. In Path of Radiance, Shadow Dragon and Shin Monshō no Nazo, the Longbow is locked to the Archer class-line, while other iterations of the weapon can be wielded by any bow-wielder, provided that he/she boasts at least a D rank in Bow mastery.
The Longbow was originally employed by England during the Hundred Years' War with France. England won early victories during the Hundred Years' War, a fact that can be attributed to the superior arsenal that she outfitted her troops, among which includes the Longbow, a weapon that permitted one to shoot targets over longer distances.